100 YEARS AGO: The plan of Representative Smith of Michigan to split the calendar year into 13 months has enthusiastic and growing support from the landlord, the installment collector, the garage man and the loan shark. The latter’s interest is very strong. There is a hunch existent, however, that the common people favor a nice long year ... of say 11 or 10 months. But thirteen! Whew! Paying 12 installments a year against eviction and the continued ownership of the kitchen table and ice box is agony enough, but answering riddles on your deathbed is a cinch, compared to the thought of Mr. Smith’s crucifying idea.

50 YEARS AGO: Whitney M. Young Jr., executive director of the National Urban League, called today for a massive march on Washington by white people to demand an end to racism. A march by hundreds of thousands must be led by the nation’s most respected white leaders, if rebellion by poor and frustrated Negroes is to be avoided, said the Negro head of the civil rights organization. Young told the convention of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, “White people own industries, the newspapers, the housing. They reap the benefits of our way of life, and theirs are the rewards of this society. It is their future which is at stake, perhaps more than that of the Negroes, who, after all, have the least to lose.”

25 YEARS AGO: The rights of teenagers who reach adulthood and can vote, serve in the military and own property are not violated by a state law that forbids them from drinking alcohol, an appellate court says. Lawyers argued unsuccessfully on behalf of Kimberly J. Gilbertson, who was 19 when she was fined $325 in 1991 for violating a La Crosse ordinance against underage drinking. The ordinance, based on the state law is a responsible attempt to prevent traffic accidents caused by drunken driving, the 4th District court of Appeals said Thursday. Gilbertson’s lawyers, James Hellman and Richard Radcliff argued that people 18, 19 and 20 years old deserve the same constitutional protection that courts have extended to other groups lacking political power.

FIVE YEARS AGO: I’d feared that, after George W. Bush and Dick Cheney and, even worse, Barack Obama, the Fourth Amendment’s protection of our personal privacy had nearly vanished. But on April 17, a majority of the Supreme Court, ruling in Missouri v. McNeely, remembered a fundamental liberty we lost during the British occupation that helped ignite the American Revolution. It should also be noted that the ruling was largely ignored by the pell-mell media in all of its forms. As John W. Whitehead of the Charlottesville, Va.-based Rutherford Institute (”Dedicated to the defense of civil liberties and human rights”) put it in the organization’s news release headlining this vital decision: “Fourth Amendment Victory: Citing Bodily Integrity, U.S. Supreme Court Prohibits Police From Forcibly Taking Warrantless Blood Samples From DUI (driving under the influence) Suspects” (rutherford.org, April 18).